Angola will construct a 343km, 400kV central-south power line that will connect the north and south transmission grids in Angola and allow for the distribution of clean energy between the two regions. The project will be completed in 2023.
The electricity transmission line will cost $530 million that has been provided by the African Development Bank, according to a joint statement from the government and the bank
The north of Angola has a surplus of more than 1,000 megawatts of mostly renewable power, whereas the south relies on expensive diesel generators, supported by government subsidies, the statement explains.
Transmission capacity will increase by 2,250 megawatts and eliminate the need for polluting, diesel-powered generators in southern provinces. The project, once operational in 2023, will avert the consumption of 46.8 billion litres of diesel per year in the south, cutting 80 megatons of carbon dioxide emissions.
The government says it will in addition save more than $130 million per year in diesel subsidies.
The finance package, approved in December 2019 by the board of directors of the African Development Bank, consists of $480 million in financing from the bank, along with $50 million from the Africa Growing Together Fund – a $2 billion facility sponsored by the People’s Bank of China and administered by the AfDB.
The funding covers the first phase of the Energy Sector Efficiency and Expansion Program (ESEEP) in Angola, which will assist the government to connect the country’s transmission grids and tackle limited operational capacity within the Angolan power distribution utility ENDE.
Around 80 per cent of residential customers in Angola are not metred, resulting in financial losses and reliance on government subsidies. As part of the ESEEP, 860,000 prepaid metres will be installed and 400,000 new customers will be connected to the grid and effectively metered.
At the regional level, the ESEEP will be the first step to enabling a connection to the Southern Africa Power Pool (SAPP). The new transmission line will become the backbone of the distribution of power to the southern provinces of Angola and northern Namibia and will enable further power trading between countries in the region.
The funding follows two other recent AfDB contributions to Angola’s energy sector strategy. In 2015, the Bank approved a $1 billion power sector reform loan for Angola, which resulted in the creation of an independent regulator and the unbundling of the sector into distribution, transmission and distribution companies.
Angola has significantly improved capacity, operational efficiency and sustainability of the electricity sector. In the period 2015-19, its total installed capacity of renewable energy rose from 1,017 megawatts to 2,763 megawatts, mainly through the improved exploitation of the country’s abundant hydropower.
- A Tell report