As a familiar campaign jingle brings the Kenyan crowd to their feet, Hellen Atieno joins her compatriots and sways to the catchy tune at a political rally in the lakeside city of Kisumu. Just don’t expect the 23-year-old to vote; she is looking for money.
“I have only come to the rally because there is money. I hope there will be something,” Atieno says, referring to the widespread Kenyan practice of offering freebies to prospective voters.
Currently without a job, the former fishmonger says she is so fed up with the country’s insular political class that she plans to remain at home when Kenya votes on August 9 in parliamentary and presidential polls. She is not alone.
The East African economic powerhouse ranks among the world’s youngest countries – three-quarters of Kenyans are aged under 34, according to government figures.
Many have no interest in participating in an electoral process they widely dismiss as corrupt and pointless. The number of registered young voters has dropped five per cent since the 2017 poll, in contrast to over-35s, whose tally has increased, Kenya’s election commission announced last month.
Over 22.7 million Kenyans are eligible to take part in this year’s polls, with young people accounting for less than 40 percent of that number, the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) said.
Politicians have responded with a freebie bonanza, offering cash, umbrellas, shirts, caps and even packets of maize flour – a dietary staple – to anyone who attends their rallies.
The bribes – an electoral offence that can attract a fine of up to two million Kenyan shillings ($17,000) and/or a six-year jail term – are not new to Kenyan politics.
But galloping food inflation – made worse by the war in Ukraine – and an unemployment crisis have intensified the appetite for such handouts.
According to census figures published in 2020, about five million young Kenyans were out of work.
Brian Denzel has spent recent weeks hitting one rally after another, eager to pocket the cash on offer, even though the 19-year-old butcher has no plans to vote and sees politics as little more than “a dirty game”.
“Who will reject the free money that they are given?” he said, while waiting in line to collect 200 shillings ($1.70) from a local politician.
Kenya’s Interior Minister Fred Matiang’i even told reporters on Wednesday that banks were running short of 100- and 200-shilling notes “because politicians are bribing villagers”.
In the months leading up to the polls, observers suggested that the youth factor could help heal Kenya’s often toxic tribal politics, with a younger electorate less likely to vote according to ethnic affiliations.
Yet, although young Kenyans are less tribally-minded, they also lack “ideological steadfastness”, Kisumu-based political analyst Francis Owuor told AFP.
“That conviction that normally comes with the political process is not there,” Owuor said.
“Everyone (is) to blame for this, both the people and the leaders, but again the leaders are the duty bearers, so they must take much of the blame.”
Thirty years after the restoration of multi-party democracy in Kenya, many are disillusioned by constant bickering over the credibility of polls and disputed election results. This year’s presidential vote is largely a two-horse race between Deputy President William Ruto, 55, and Raila Odinga, the 77-year-old veteran opposition leader who is now backed by the sitting president.
If both leaders accept the results, it will be a first for the country since 2002.
Amina Soud, voter education manager at the IEBC, says the election watchdog is “worried” by the increased indifference by young people towards the political process.
Soud said, referring to the IEBC’s social media push to enlist new voters: We did a lot of mobilisation during registration using all these tools and still voter apathy was too high. But exhorting youth to vote via campaigns on TikTok or comics in Sheng – a local slang popular with urban youth – does little to offer hope to a generation of Kenyans facing runaway inflation, corruption and unemployment.
“I don’t think I am going to vote,” 27-year-old salon owner Irene Awino Owino says. “I have no interest, because the government puts themselves first rather than us.”
- An AFP report